Small Animal Food Guide
You can find food mixtures specifically made for each of the popular small pets. These food mixes are formulated for the dietary needs of each animal, and help provide a well-rounded diet.
You may find it easiest to feed from a heavy ceramic bowl, as it is less likely to be knocked over (creating a mess to clean up) in the cage by your pet when it runs and plays.
Never feed your small pet a mixture formulated for a different species. Rabbit food can be harmful to smaller animals, for example.
Most small animals will enjoy supplementary treats such as fresh fruit and vegetables. Make sure to feed in small pieces though, and only as much as your pet will eat. This avoids the problem of moldy food developing in the cage. Try to limit the amount of treats that are high in sugar or fat, as this can lead to obesity.
Guinea Pigs, Chinchillas and Rabbits also require a constant supply of hay (timothy hay is recommended). These small animals chew on hay to balance their diet and to grind down their teeth which grow continuously. Many of the animals will also use the hay as bedding.
A supply of fresh water must be available at all times for your small pet. The easiest way to ensure this is to purchase a water bottle which hangs on the side of the cage. This eliminates the problem of spilled water from a dish as well. As some small animals may not know how to use a water bottle, a water dish may be necessary to ensure they receive the water they require. Water should be changed daily.
For increased nutrition, you can also purchase vitamin drops which can be added to your pet’s water. Be sure to change the water regularly to maintain freshness.